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Enose


Enose project in NASA

ABSTRACT




     Until now, online communication involved only two of our senses, sense of sight & sense of hearing. Soon it will involve the third, the sense of smell using an e-nose. Digital scent technology is the main application of e-nose. With digital scent technology, it is possible to sense, transmit& receive smell through internet. There is complete software and hardware solution for it. When applied to communications, scent becomes a new information channel. It allows us to perceive products and irate a previously unimagined emotionality and product credibility. Scents extend the myriad of multimedia possibility towards a new level. Scent communication will be one of the most important information tools of the future. 



Chef Big Shake brings his tastes to your table


NEWSHUB:
Shawn Davis listened to his daughter and wound up on national television. At age 10, she decided to stop eating meat, so her chef father created a hamburger made from shrimp.
 Davis, who goes by Chef Big Shake,  soon realized that there was a  market for his succulent shrimp burgers. Today, CBS Foods manufactures the burger in four flavors: Original, Jalapeno, Cajun, and Teriyaki. Their core products include Lobster Sliders, Lobster Pot Pies and Lobster Mac and Cheese.

Focus on business of food during 31Ways, 31Days


A century ago, agriculture was the primary occupation for 218,000 black farmers with 15 million acres of land in 1910, but a migration to urban areas, fueled in part by thousands of lynchings, shifted many of them to working in manufacturing.In this new millennium, a nostalgic sentiment for a return to the dishes which remind black families of those rural setting is fueling a new wave of contemporary black-owned restaurants.
Some of those chefs are expanding their markets to offer products for sale in grocery stores for home comsumption.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, African-American households spend 14.5 percent of their income on food, which could mean as much as $100 billion in consumer expenditures.

The most recent information indicates that black restaurants are taking in $6.1 billion in sales, indicating a vast potential for growth.

31Ways 31Days helps black consumers and other interested buyers make strategic decisions to buy from businesses which are most likely to make an impact on the high unemployment rates, particularly the 40 percent unemployment rate for black youth.

On Aug. 4, the suggested habit to begin is to buy the products of black grocery manufacturers or shop with black-owned grocers.

On Aug. 5, the recommendation is to dine at one of the 12,000 black owned restaurants.

For Saturday, Aug. 6, supporting black farmers through farmers markets, urging restaurants to carry their goods or supporting organizations which enhance rural communities is the preferred choice.

National Black Business Month co-founders Frederick E. Jordan, P.E. and John William Templeton enjoyed a lunch at Gussie's Chicken and Waffles, 1521 Eddy St. to begin the month -- an example of a new eatery which uses traditional family recipes to woo diverse audiences.

They've made it a favorite meeting spot, the kind of tradition which can make a huge difference for creating economic development in communities which need it most.

Aspire San Francisco marks 20th anniversary of Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California


SACRAMENTO -- For decades, the mural of Queen Califia in the California State Capitol was covered by sheet rock.  Hardly anyone understood the significance of the image.
Likewise, the mural of Queen Califia in the Mark Hopkins Hotel in San Francisco was in plain sight since 1926, but very few wondered why there was a nine-foot mural of an Afro-wearing woman warrior atop Nob Hill.
It took the 1991 book Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California, 1500-1900, to pull the veil away from the account which gave the Golden State its name.
Within the 300-page, picture-laden title, an extensive account of honor, courage, perserverance, dignity and accomplishment beginning with the conquistadors who accompanied Cortez followed the translation of the 1510 saga "Las Serges de Esplandian."
Three additional volumes covering the periods 1900-1950, 1950 to 2000 and the lesson plans in the fourth volume The Black Queen: How African-Americans Put California on the Map followed.
ASPIRE SAN FRANCISCO, the imprint of eAccess Corp., also produced a 1993 public television documentaryOur Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California, which aired on KMTP-TV32 in San Francisco.
In 1995, the book was the inspiration for an exhibition in the Historic State Capitol Museum, later displayed in the Los Angeles Central Library and San Francisco Main Library.
Educators soon learned that Our Roots had a transformational impact on student achievement.  Culturally-responsive specialists like Dr. Bruce Gaines in Los Angeles, and Chuck Ambers in San Diego used the title in their classes.
Agin Shaheed, a San Diego educator, became co-editor of Volume 2, 1900-1950, by incorporating artifacts from his ancestors C.C. Flint, an entrepreneur and campaign manager for the first black Assembly member Frederick M. Roberts; and J. Macfarline Ervin, the first black administrator in Los Angeles public schools and an historian of pre-World War II blacks in the city.
The I.R.I.S.E. program in San Francisco Unified Schools adopted the book for use in all its participating classrooms in 20 schools, under the direction of founder Michael "Chappie" Grice, in 1996.
Bancroft Library at UC-Berkeley was the site for California Council on the Humanities funded seminar The Black Queen: Primary Sources in California History, which explored artifacts like Black Panther photos and documents with David Hilliard and Fredrika Newton.
In 1998, Our Roots Run Deep received a Sesquicentennial Commendation from the California Sesquicentennial Commission.
During 1998-1999, the California Academy of Sciences hosted the exhibition California: A State of Natural Diversity based on Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California.
The Friends of the San Francisco Public Library bestowed the Library Laureate award for Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California in 2002.
In 2003, the exhibition Queen Calafia: California Black Heritage Confirmed by Public Art was shown in the S.F. African-American Historical and Cultural Society and William Grant Still Arts Center in Los Angeles.
Our second exhibition for the California Legislative Black Caucus, Gold Rush Abolitionists, was presented physically and online in 2007.
In 2008, a research study of social science teachers across the state determined that fewer than 20 percent were familiar with the African-American heritage of the state.  The study Black Heritage as Gap Closer was presented as a keynote speech to the California Council for the Social Studies.
Last year, Come to the Water: Sharing the Rich Black Experience in San Francisco provided a detailed account of the heritage of African-Americans in the city.  It was designed to be the core of a curriculum on local black heritage.   Seven weekly classes this winter drew dozens of local residents who wanted to learn more.
All these titles are available in a classroom package at a group discount.  Libraries from Hampton University to Boise State to the University of Texas hold Our Roots Run Deep in their collection.  The package includes:
  • Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California, Vol. 1, 1500-1900
  • Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California, Vol. 2, 1900-1950
  • Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California, Vol. 3, 1950-2000
  • The Black Queen: How African-Americans Put California on the Map
  • Black Heritage as Gap Closer
  • Our Roots Run Deep: the Black Experience in California DVD 56:30
  • Come to the Water: Sharing the Rich Black Experience in San Francisco

Marcus Books updates for new markets


SAN FRANCISCO -- Marcus Books continues to meet the same needs that Julian and Dr. Raye Richardson identified in 1960 -- a place to find African-American literature and authors.
With almost 6,000 fans on Facebook and a YouTube network, the two-store chain, at 1712 Fillmore St. here and 3900 Martin Luther King Jr. Way in Oakland, has no shortage of new books to share.
It is America's oldest black-owned bookstore, and arguably the launch pad for a renaissance of black literature.  Ernest Gaines grew up a few blocks away; Terri McMillan used to bring in books from her trunk and the likes of Randall Robinson and Tavis Smiley insist on doing their Bay Area readings with Marcus Books.
During National Black Business Month in August, visit your closest black bookstore in person or online.   It is a difficult environment for book retailers, given online purchasing and e-books.  Even Borders, which hurt many independent black bookstores, gave up the ghost.
31Ways31Days suggests Wed., Aug. 3 as a good day to reacquaint yourself with the places where you can not only find a good book, but catch up on all the happenings in the community.
EsoWan in Los Angeles' Leimert Park neighborhood is a similar community anchor.  Visiting black bookstores generally also means getting a bite to eat at the nearby restaurant, stopping for nails, picking up that African fabric, popping in to Kaos Network and spreading the wealth to a number of retailers.
And one never knows who one might meet.

Marcus Books updates for new markets


SAN FRANCISCO -- Marcus Books continues to meet the same needs that Julian and Dr. Raye Richardson identified in 1960 -- a place to find African-American literature and authors.
With almost 6,000 fans on Facebook and a YouTube network, the two-store chain, at 1712 Fillmore St. here and 3900 Martin Luther King Jr. Way in Oakland, has no shortage of new books to share.
It is America's oldest black-owned bookstore, and arguably the launch pad for a renaissance of black literature.  Ernest Gaines grew up a few blocks away; Terri McMillan used to bring in books from her trunk and the likes of Randall Robinson and Tavis Smiley insist on doing their Bay Area readings with Marcus Books.
During National Black Business Month in August, visit your closest black bookstore in person or online.   It is a difficult environment for book retailers, given online purchasing and e-books.  Even Borders, which hurt many independent black bookstores, gave up the ghost.
31Ways31Days suggests Wed., Aug. 3 as a good day to reacquaint yourself with the places where you can not only find a good book, but catch up on all the happenings in the community.
EsoWan in Los Angeles' Leimert Park neighborhood is a similar community anchor.  Visiting black bookstores generally also means getting a bite to eat at the nearby restaurant, stopping for nails, picking up that African fabric, popping in to Kaos Network and spreading the wealth to a number of retailers.
And one never knows who one might meet.

Sullivan's Afrokids leveraging mobile, online platforms


LOS ANGELES -- Leo Sullivan would like to give the gift of childhood to every black youth he meets.
It's a world of imagery and magic that passes on values developed over the centuries.But the delivery system is as contemporary as the latest smart phone.He is co-founder of Afrokids, which has presented educational videos, games and other instructional materials for two decades.Sullivan's other career has been as one of the top animators in Hollywood, with credits including Batman, Animaniacs, X-Men.   For African-Americans, his work is at the heart of the Fat Albert series and as the animator for the opening of SoulTrain.

On a Saturday in July, Sullivan held the initial workshop for his upcoming six-week animation class, a topic he is equally passionate about.   Through Marcus Garvey school at Slauson and Crenshaw, he is bringing new diverse talent into the animation industry, so that youth become creators instead of just consumers.

During an interview here, Sullivan said, "You can just see it in the faces of the young people when they see something that they can relate to."


KMS Software paves the way to employment


LOS ANGELES -- If you began a job at companies like American Express, CitiGroup, Sears Holding Company, GE, and British Petroleum, it was most likely the software of KMS Software Company that insured a good transition.
KMS Software Company is exclusively devoted to providing world class human capital management software that combines process automation and employee engagement technology to help strengthen the relationship between employers and employees around the world.KMS deployed the market’s first Online OnBoarding in 1998 and has continued to lead the market .  Today, the XpressHR™ Product Suite manages the entire employee lifecycle for thousands of customer locations all over the world.
Yolanda Parker, founder of KMS Software says, “As pioneers in the onboarding arena, our XpressHR OnBoardingprovides employers with a robust suite of engagement products integrated with E-Verify and capable of processing corporate forms, federal and state withholding forms and the Form I-9 in full compliance of all federal and state laws.These enhanced onboarding capabilities allow employers to focus on their people, not their paperwork. KMS Software has one focus, onboarding, and we are helping customers around the world automate this process one click at a time.”

Bank on black business


NEW YORK -- Fresh off a new $55 million infusion of capital, Carver Federal Savings Bank of New York is opening two new branches at 1392 Fulton St. and 833 Flatbush Ave. in Brooklyn.
Carver also announced an alliance with Chexar Networks to offer full-service check cashing. John Spencer, Carver chief retail officer, said  "Our decision was heavily influenced by Chexar's strong technology which gives us the best opportunity to say yes to our customer. We have launched the Chexar solution in all nine branches and are extremely pleased with both the service and our consumer experience. "
Carver is A  Piece of the Pie selection for the first day of National Black Business Month, Monday, Aug. 1, when our industry choice is banking.   31Ways31Days suggests visiting at least one black business each day of the month.  Making a deposit in one of the member banks of the National Bankers Association or investing in one of the publicly traded financial companies like Carver, Citizens Trust or Broadway Federal expands access to capital, particularly for business and residential purposes.
Like other selectees  Atlanta's Citizens Trust Bank, which is 75 years old, Liberty Bank and Trust in New Orleans and Broadway Federal Bank in Los Angeles, Carver focuses on serving populations which have been largely overlooked by the financial industry.

FriendCoup aims for billion $ coupon network


SAN MATEO -- To build a billion-dollar technology company, it helps to have a team which has done it before.
Carl Kent, CEO of MyMediaTones Inc., has reached the threshhold of disrupting the $7 billion coupon market.   The signature product FriendCoup just debuted on the Apple App Store for the iPhone, and Android Marketplace.
The application is an in-store, mobile bar code reader that scans product packages, pulls (vs. pushes ) matching coupons, competing offers,  and calculates real time discounts based on shopping behavior.  Kent projects close to 85 percent redemption, compared to a rate of 1 percent for paper coupons and almost 10 percent for current mobile couponing.
Both Target and Proctor & Gamble have tested the technology.   One executive said, "The team at FriendCoup has a transformational technology that will change the mobile couponing business just like Groupon has done for group buying and Facebook for social networking. "
Kent can confidently pursue those goals.   The vice president and chief technology officer is Dr. Mark Hannah, a co-founder of Silicon Graphics and fellow high school and college classmate of Kent's.   Silicon Graphics transformed the entertainment industry with scientific workstations in the 1980s and achieved $5 billion in sales.   Its core technology was based on Hannah's electrical engineering dissertation from Stanford University.  Hannah was selected a Kilby laureate in 1995 along with World Wide Web creator Tim Berners-Lee.  The Kilby Awards recognize the world's top inventors.

Five states with over 20 percent black unemployment


WASHINGTON -- Wisconsin (25 percent), Michigan (23.9 percent), Minnesota (22 percent), Maine (21.4 percent) and Washington (21 percent) had the highest rates of black unemployment, according to a Labor Dept. study on the impact of the economic downturn on African-Americans.Georgia and Florida (226,000 each), New York (220,000), California (214,000), and Texas (187,000) had the largest numbers of black unemployed.
"From 2007 to 2009, black employment took the largest hit in manufacturing, financial activities, wholesale and retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and construction," said the study. "Together these industries employed nearly 1 million fewer blacks in 2009 than they did in 2007. In 2010, employment declines among black workers continued in financial activities, transportation and warehousing, and construction. As for nearly every race and ethnic group, health and social services showed the largest employment increase for black workers through the recession and into the recovery period."

Top 10 Safety Tips for Women Living Alone


Solitary living can be great fun.  Women living alone enjoy more space, greater freedom, and a cozy retreat reserved all for themselves.  
That said, living alone has some drawbacks in addition to perks.  The biggest downside of solitary life involves personal safety, as women on their own do not have roomies or family to regularly check in on them or keep an eye out for suspicious activity.  
To contend with matters of safety, there are some very simple fixes women living alone can employ to ensure their personal security.  The major actions one can take are outlined below. 

Always Lock Up

Depending on where you live, it might not be de rigueur to lock doors.  If you are a woman living alone (or anyone, for that matter), I recommend playing it safe and locking up at night.  Even if you do not care for your personal safety, locking up at night can protect your financial safety- after all, even your renter's insurance will not cover you for stolen goods if you did not properly lock up.
Simply make a habit of locking entrances to your home every time you come inside.  That way, you won't be so likely to get distracted and forget to lock your doors before going to sleep.  Also, be sure to lock your windows whenever they are closed. 

Commentary Levels on Hubpages: What do They Mean?


What is the Difference Between Level I and Level VII?

Hubpages has just rolled out a new feature. Now on every comment made by a hubber on a hub, the commentator level of that hubber is visible for all to see. The only way to avoid this is if a hubber has hidden his or her accolades. There is a further change. Comments of people with level VII or VIII are shown in yellow, suggesting that those are somehow better than others with lower scores. There is a glitch in the colour system so that the colours don't show up sometimes. However, this is a permanent change.
I don't know *why* these changes were made, nor is this article looking at potential reasons or suggesting whether these help or hinder anyone. This hub was inspired by comments in the forum that suggest that people don't know what the level number means and wanting to assure people that a higher level is not *more meaningful* or *more valuable* than a lower level.

Gift Ideas For 8-Year Old Boys


It Can be Hard to Find Gift Ideas for 8-Year Old Boys!

In my home, I have three boys with very different interestsA teenager and pre-teen, and then an 8-year old boy.As I've learned over the years, this age is difficult to shop for, considering that they are no longer very young children that enjoy many traditional toys. At the same time, they are too young (in my opinion) for cell phones or other expensive electronics. Plus, some of the more mature video games are probably a few years away. As with any gift-buying guide, you will want to consider what the recipient enjoys. My 8-year old son is not really into sports like his older brothers. However, he has a keen interest in astronomy and geography. So, while I might not shop in traditional outlets for gifts for this unique boy, I can still find some affordable, interesting gifts for him.

If you are looking for a birthday gift, holiday presents, or just a treat for a special occasion, here's your gift idea guide for 8-year old boys!

Traditional Gifts for 8-Year Old Boys

Back when I was young, the gifts that most 8-year old boys on my street received were a bit different than today's kids. Fortunately, this age still enjoys affordable gift selections!Building toys like Legos, Kinex, Jenga, or even Lincoln Logs are popular. Again, know the specific interests of the child. Some enjoy Indiana Jones, while others may be more into Star Wars or Dinosaurs. There is a wide variety of sets available, with price ranges from $6-8 (for small individual sets) to over $100! At this age, 8-year old boys may still enjoy building their creations with an adult. Consider spending time together after gifts are opened.

Family Halloween Costume Ideas that are Easy and Fun


Costumes for the Whole Family or a Large Group

We love Halloween in our family, and I love to dress our girls up in great costumes. My mother-in-law is an amazing seamstress and has created some of the best costumes that I have seen from Little Bo Peep and her sheep to a peacock with real peacock feathers! Since we have three girls we have done a few Halloweens where they all matched. Now that our oldest is in third grade, we have to be more creative. She is a lot pickier about her costume and this year she wants to be scary. Hopefully, we can figure something out to make it work; I'm thinking the Addams family might be the best option. Here are a few other ideas of great costumes for families or a large group of friends.

Angels and Devil

A few Halloweens ago we dressed up as angels. This was a very easy costume to make. My mother-in-law created the girls dresses and halos and I bought the wings from a costume store. For my costume I just wore a white skirt and top. You can easily dress the kids in a white dress with white stockings and shoes; buy a halo and wings and you have angels. When we all dressed up we had my husband be the devil. I bought him horns and a tail and he wore red. It was the easiest costume and really cute.

Creating Referral Links For Your Hubs


To those of us who have created a few hubs but still feel like novices, one of the challenging things about writing on HubPages is finding a clear process on How to create and add a referral tracker.
This hub will try to explain in straight forward, non-technical terms how to find and use referral trackers and why you'll want to.
Feedback and helpful hints on improving this hub can be left in the comments section and are very much appreciated.

Trackers for New Users that you Bring to Hub Pages

Q. Why would you want to refer New Users to HubPages?
A. When Hubbers send out a link to one of their hubs it's important to add a referral tracker to get credit for bringing a new user to the site. If that New User signs up with HubPages (within 30 days) you will earn a portion of the revenue share from HubPages. It doesn't take away from the money the new Hubber will earn, it comes out of HubPages' pocket.

Finding Your Default Referral Tracking Code

Here is how to find the default trackercode which was automatically created for you when you signed up:
Open a new window so you can see these instructions and perform them on your hub by toggling back and forth between windows.
  1. Sign in to HubPages.

Stop Paying for Things You Can Get for Free - 10 Money Saving Tips


There is this subconscious tendency to think that if you're paying for something, then it has to be better than something you can get for free.
However, that may not be the case. Think about all the things you are buying, that you can find for free.
If you have a hard time thinking of anything, check out my 10 suggestions below.
Stop paying for things you can get for free, and save a little more money in the process.

1. Make Peace with your Tap Water

Average 24 bottle case of 16.9 ounce bottled water: about $15.00
Instead of paying for bottled water, just drink the water from your tap. I did a quick search on amazon for bottled water for a price comparison. I found Fuji water to be the most expensive for a case of 24 bottles at $32.00 (holy cow!), and the cheapest water I found on Amazon was Nestle Pure Life at $8.88.
I still thought this was a bit expensive, so I asked the source of all knowledge (my mother) what she would typically pay for a case of bottled water. She said around $6.00.
So, I gather that the average case of 24, 16.9 ounce bottled water cost somewhere around $15.00 (give or take $5.00). If you were to buy a 16.9 ounce bottle of water individually (from a gas station or vending machine), it could cost somewhere around $1.00 - $2.50.
If you have access to clean tap water, save your wallet a few bucks, and the earth a few plastic bottles, and make peace with your tap water. If you are concerned about the quality of your tap water, go ahead and purchase a filter/purifier to attach to your faucet.
Most people either can't tell the difference between bottled and tap, or if they can, they actually preferred tap water over bottled water (test my theory if you're feeling skeptical).

Lets just do it


Are you ready to Wake up?

Ok, you have to at least watch this video! It's chock full of jet fueled motivation that will give you the sense that you can just do it! Do what you ask? How Big can you dream? Think about that for a few minutes. What do you really want to do with your life? Where would you like to go? Who would you like to meet?
How do we get from zero to happy, healthy and wealthy? Sounds harder than it is, right? So do you know the 3 secrets that will ultimately lead to success? Watch and see just how simple it really is!

The Moment of Change or Not!

There comes a time when we most wake up and shake off the past and open our eyes to a bright future. However we can choose to ignore the timing and refuse to look ahead, remaining the same. Instead of a bright future we keep going through the same old dance never looking past the present. This is the worst of trajedies, to never see our dreams in the briliant light of living them out all because we shunned the moment of change. Why? It's a choice we have to make, even if it takes everything we have to begin and then doing it every day until it becomes the change we desire or dream we live out!
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